How to Perform CPR: Guidelines, Procedure

CPR is an emergency action that can considerably reduce the chance of a patient dying. It’s vital to know how to perform CPR in order to save someone’s life. In this article, we offer easy steps for learning to do CPR and sharing what you learned with others.

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What is CPR?

CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. CPR is a life-saving technique used to provide immediate help to someone who has had a heart attack or stroke. If you are aware of someone nearby who may need CPR, learn how to do it safely and properly.

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Some Circumstances that require CPR

A person may require CPR if they have a heart attack, are having a seizure, are not breathing, or have lost blood from a wound. The acronym “CPR” stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.

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If you see someone who is having a seizure or is not breathing, begin CPR by placing your hands on their chest and pushing hard and fast in a circular motion. If you are able to take the person to medical assistance before they die, their chance of survival is better than if you try to save them without help.

  • Check to see if they are conscious and respond to any cues to breathe.
  • Give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation (MVM) if able and appropriate. If the person is not breathing, give basic life support until emergency personnel arrive.

How to perform CPR

In the event that a person suffers cardiac arrest, the best course of action is Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). CPR is an effective and lifesaving measure for people who have suffered cardiorespiratory arrest.

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There are specific guidelines that need to be followed in order to perform CPR effectively and safely. The American Heart Association offers these important tips:
-Begin CPR with chest compressions: Have someone compress the victim’s chest hard and fast for two minutes, followed by two minutes of alternating compressions and ventilation.
-Check for a pulse: Check the victim’s pulse rate every two minutes. If the victim has no pulse, begin CPR immediately.
-Bleed victims: If there is any blood coming from the victim’s mouth or nose, pour 4–6 ounces of water over his head and give artificial respiration (mouth to mouth resuscitation) until help arrives.
-Attach a monitor to the victim: Monitor vital signs including heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure through an automated monitor or wristband.
-Turn victims onto their side if choking: If the victim is unconscious or unresponsive, turn him onto his side to reduce the risk


CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) is one of the most important life-saving skills that you can learn. Following these guidelines and performing the correct procedure will help to ensure that someone in cardiac arrest receives basic lifesaving care. By following these simple steps, you could make a big difference in someone’s life.

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